Greater Cardamom, Plant, Badi Elaichi. Tall, perennial, evergreen plant with rhizomes that is about 90-100 cm tall; leaves that are oblong-lanceolate and 30-60 cm long; shoots that are formed by long, sheath-like stalks encircling one another; spikes that are globose, extremely dense, and quickly peduncled; and flowers that are white in color;
Fruit capsules that are 2.5 cm long, obcordate irregularly, echinate trilocular, dark red-brown in color, and contain numerous fragrant seeds held together by a pulp in each cell.
Cardamom is best planted during the monsoon season, which is from June through July. Cloudy days and light drizzle are ideal planting conditions.